Difference between revisions of "Ave Regina caelorum"

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(Willing to be corrected, but "each of the Hours" doesn't sound right)
(→‎Musical settings at CPDL: accompaniments noted (wonder if Führer's are different pieces?))
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**[[Ave Regina coelorum a 4 (Guillaume Dufay)|a 4]] SATB
 
**[[Ave Regina coelorum a 4 (Guillaume Dufay)|a 4]] SATB
 
*[[Ave Regina celorum (John Dunstable)|John Dunstable]] SAT
 
*[[Ave Regina celorum (John Dunstable)|John Dunstable]] SAT
*[[4 Marienantiphonen mit Orgel (L. B. Est)|L. B. Est]] SAB
+
*[[4 Marienantiphonen mit Orgel (L. B. Est)|L. B. Est]] SAB & organ
 
*[[Ave Regina (Carlotta Ferrari)|Carlotta Ferrari]] SSA
 
*[[Ave Regina (Carlotta Ferrari)|Carlotta Ferrari]] SSA
*[[Ave Regina caelorum (Fabio Fresi)|Fabio Fresi]] SAAT
+
*[[Ave Regina caelorum (Fabio Fresi)|Fabio Fresi]] SAATB
 
*[[Ave Regina caelorum (Walter Frye)|Walter Frye]] ATB (a different text)
 
*[[Ave Regina caelorum (Walter Frye)|Walter Frye]] ATB (a different text)
 
*[[Robert Führer]]
 
*[[Robert Führer]]
 
**[[Ave Regina (Robert Führer)|I]] SATB & orchestra
 
**[[Ave Regina (Robert Führer)|I]] SATB & orchestra
**[[Marienantiphonen (Robert Führer)|II]] SATB  
+
**[[Marienantiphonen (Robert Führer)|II]] SATB & orchestra
 
*[[Ave Regina coelorum (Johann Joseph Fux)|Johann Joseph Fux]] SATB
 
*[[Ave Regina coelorum (Johann Joseph Fux)|Johann Joseph Fux]] SATB
 
*[[Ave Regina (Andrea Gabrieli)|Andrea Gabrieli]] SATB.ATTB or ATBB.TBBB
 
*[[Ave Regina (Andrea Gabrieli)|Andrea Gabrieli]] SATB.ATTB or ATBB.TBBB
 
*[[Mariano Garau]]
 
*[[Mariano Garau]]
**[[Ave Regina caelorum (Mariano Garau)|a 2]] ST
+
**[[Ave Regina caelorum (Mariano Garau)|a 2]] ST & organ
 
**[[Ave Regina coelorum II (Mariano Garau)|a 4]] SATB
 
**[[Ave Regina coelorum II (Mariano Garau)|a 4]] SATB
 
*[[Ave Regina coelorum (Carlo Gesualdo)|Carlo Gesualdo]] SATTB
 
*[[Ave Regina coelorum (Carlo Gesualdo)|Carlo Gesualdo]] SATTB
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*[[Ave Regina caelorum, MH 140 (Johann Michael Haydn)|Johann Michael Haydn ''Ave Regina caelorum'', MH 140]] SATB.SATB
 
*[[Ave Regina caelorum, MH 140 (Johann Michael Haydn)|Johann Michael Haydn ''Ave Regina caelorum'', MH 140]] SATB.SATB
 
{{Middle}}
 
{{Middle}}
*[[4 Marianische Antiphonen (Karl Kempter)|Karl Kempter]] SAB
+
*[[4 Marianische Antiphonen (Karl Kempter)|Karl Kempter]] SAB & organ
 
*[[Ave Regina caelorum (Pierre de la Rue)|Pierre de la Rue]] SATB
 
*[[Ave Regina caelorum (Pierre de la Rue)|Pierre de la Rue]] SATB
 
*[[Orlando di Lasso]] ([[Ave Regina caelorum (Orlando di Lasso)|disambiguation page]])
 
*[[Orlando di Lasso]] ([[Ave Regina caelorum (Orlando di Lasso)|disambiguation page]])
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*[[Ave Regina caelorum (Cristóbal de Morales)|Cristóbal de Morales]] SAATB
 
*[[Ave Regina caelorum (Cristóbal de Morales)|Cristóbal de Morales]] SAATB
 
*[[Ave Regina coelorum (Sigismund Ritter von Neukomm)|Sigismund Ritter von Neukomm]] SSA
 
*[[Ave Regina coelorum (Sigismund Ritter von Neukomm)|Sigismund Ritter von Neukomm]] SSA
*[[Ave Regina Coelorum (José Maurício Nunes Garcia)|José Maurício Nunes Garcia]] SATB
+
*[[Ave Regina Coelorum (José Maurício Nunes Garcia)|José Maurício Nunes Garcia]] SATB & organ
 
*[[Ave Regina a 8 (Juan Gutierrez de Padilla)|Juan Gutierrez de Padilla]] SATB.SATB
 
*[[Ave Regina a 8 (Juan Gutierrez de Padilla)|Juan Gutierrez de Padilla]] SATB.SATB
 
* [[Giovanni Pierluigi da Palestrina]] [[Ave Regina caelorum (Giovanni Pierluigi da Palestrina)|5 or 6 settings in all]])
 
* [[Giovanni Pierluigi da Palestrina]] [[Ave Regina caelorum (Giovanni Pierluigi da Palestrina)|5 or 6 settings in all]])
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*[[4 Antiphonae de BMV (Johannes Nepomuk Skraup)|Johannes Nepomuk Skraup]] SATB & bc
 
*[[4 Antiphonae de BMV (Johannes Nepomuk Skraup)|Johannes Nepomuk Skraup]] SATB & bc
 
*[[Ave Regina caelorum (Francesco Soriano)|Francesco Soriano]] SATB
 
*[[Ave Regina caelorum (Francesco Soriano)|Francesco Soriano]] SATB
*[[Ave regina caelorum (Francisco Valls)|Francisco Valls]] SATB.SATB
+
*[[Ave regina caelorum (Francisco Valls)|Francisco Valls]] SATB.SATB & bc
 
*[[Tomás Luis de Victoria]]
 
*[[Tomás Luis de Victoria]]
 
**[[Ave Regina caelorum a 5 (Tomás Luis de Victoria)|a 5]] SAATB
 
**[[Ave Regina caelorum a 5 (Tomás Luis de Victoria)|a 5]] SAATB
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*[[Ave Regina caelorum (Scott Villard)|Scott Villard]] SATB
 
*[[Ave Regina caelorum (Scott Villard)|Scott Villard]] SATB
 
*[[Samuel Webbe]]
 
*[[Samuel Webbe]]
**[[Ave Regina I (Samuel Webbe)|SATB]]
+
**[[Ave Regina I (Samuel Webbe)|SATB & organ]]
**[[Ave Regina II (Samuel Webbe)|SS]]
+
**[[Ave Regina II (Samuel Webbe)|SS & organ]]
**[[Ave Regina III (Samuel Webbe)|SATB, with SATB soli]]
+
**[[Ave Regina III (Samuel Webbe)|SATB, with SATB soli & organ]]
*[[Ave Regina coelorum. Ave Domina (Adrian Willaert)|Adrian Willaert]] SATB (not to be confused with [[Ave Regina coelorum, Mater (Adrian Willaert)|Ave Regina coelorum, Mater…]])  
+
*[[Ave Regina coelorum. Ave Domina (Adrian Willaert)|Adrian Willaert]] SATB ("Salve, radix sancta")
 +
**(not to be confused with [[Ave Regina coelorum, Mater (Adrian Willaert)|Ave Regina coelorum, Mater…]])  
 
*Jan Dismas Zelenka
 
*Jan Dismas Zelenka
 
**[[Ave Regina coelorum (Jan Dismas Zelenka)|Ave Regina coelorum No. 4, ZWV 128.4]] SATB & bc
 
**[[Ave Regina coelorum (Jan Dismas Zelenka)|Ave Regina coelorum No. 4, ZWV 128.4]] SATB & bc

Revision as of 23:26, 18 January 2020

The Ave Regina caelorum is sung as the concluding votive antiphon of the Divine Office during the pre-Lent and Lenten seasons, i.e. from the Feast of the Presentation (2nd February) until Maundy Thursday.

It appears to be of monastic origin but the author is unknown (dating from around the 12th century). Herman Contractus (+1054) is often suggested as the author, for he wrote several popular Marian antiphons around then. This antiphon is one of the traditional concluding antiphons for Compline in use since the 13th century. It is traditionally recited from the Feast of the Purification (Feb. 2) until Wednesday in Holy Week.

View the Wikipedia article on Ave Regina caelorum.


Musical settings at CPDL

 

Text and translations

The text of this antiphon appears to have remained fairly unchanged since the 12th century, small variants being noted below. Dufay's setting is unique in ending with an Alleluia, which probably stems from the earlier use of the antiphon at the Annunciation.

Latin.png Latin text

Ave Regina coelorum,
Ave Domina Angelorum:
Salve radix, salve porta, [or Salve, radix sancta,]
Ex qua mundo lux est orta:

Gaude Virgo gloriosa,
Super omnes speciosa,
Vale, o valde decora,
Et pro nobis Christum [semper] exora.

Dignare me laudare te Virgo sacrata
Da mihi virtutem contra hostes tuos.

Alternative Latin text
Ave regina caelorum,
ave domina angelorum,
vale stirps sancta,
per quam mundi lux est orta.

Vale gloriosa
super omnes speciosa,
salve vale decora
et pro nobis semper Christum exora.
 

English.png English translation

Hail, O Queen of Heav'n enthron'd,
Hail, by angels Mistress own'd
Root of Jesse, Gate of morn,
Whence the world's true light was born.

Glorious Virgin, joy to thee,
Loveliest whom in Heaven they see,
Fairest thou where all are fair!
Plead with Christ our sins to spare.

V. Allow me to praise thee, holy Virgin.
R. Give me strength against thy enemies.

Translation by Edward Caswall

from http://www.preces-latinae.org/thesaurus/BVM/AveRegina.html
 

Spanish.png Spanish translation

Salve, reina de los cielos,
Salve, señora de los ángeles,
Salve, raíz santa,
de quien nació la luz al mundo.

Alégrate, Virgen gloriosa,
entre todas la más bella.
Salve a tí, la más hermosa.
Ruega siempre a Cristo por nosotros.
 

Vietnamese.png Vietnamese translation

Compline
Kính lạy Bà, Vị Nữ Hoàng Thiên Quốc,
Lạy Nữ Vương trên chín phẩm thiên thần,
Là Cội Thiêng là Cửa Trời vinh phúc,
Đem Vầng Hồng rực rỡ xuống trần gian.

Mừng vui lên, mừng vui lên Trinh Nữ,
Bà hiển vinh, Bà diễm lệ khôn tày.
Bên toà Chúa Kitô, Ngôi Thánh Tử,
Cúi lạy Bà, xin nguyện giúp cầu thay.