Difference between revisions of "Ave Regina caelorum"

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(→‎Musical settings at CPDL: L-P compared to standard text)
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{{Top}}
 
{{Top}}
 
*[[Anonymous]]
 
*[[Anonymous]]
**[[Ave Regina coelorum (Ambrosian chant)|Ambrosian Chant]]
+
**[[Ave Regina coelorum (Ambrosian chant)|Ambrosian Chant]] ("Salve radix sancta … semper")
 
**[[Ave Regina coelorum (Gregorian chant)|Gregorian Chant]]
 
**[[Ave Regina coelorum (Gregorian chant)|Gregorian Chant]]
**[[Gloria-Ave Regina coelorum (Anonymous)|Trent codex 87]] 1470's. ATT, with Gloria in top voice.
+
**[[Gloria-Ave Regina coelorum (Anonymous)|Trent codex 87]] 1470's. ATT, with Gloria in top voice. ("Salve radix, ex … semper")
**[[Ave Regina cælorum (Anonymous)|Trent 89]] SATTB
+
**[[Ave Regina cælorum (Anonymous)|Trent 89]] SATTB ("Salve radix sancta … semper")
**[[Ave Regina celorum (Anonymous)|Trent 91]] ATB
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**[[Ave Regina celorum (Anonymous)|Trent 91]] ATB ("…Mater regis…")
 
**[[Ave Regina coelorum (Anonymous)|Musica colonial archive]] SATB
 
**[[Ave Regina coelorum (Anonymous)|Musica colonial archive]] SATB
 
*[[Gregor Aichinger]]
 
*[[Gregor Aichinger]]
**[[Ave Regina coelorum a 3 (Gregor Aichinger)|a 3]] SST
+
**[[Ave Regina coelorum a 3 (Gregor Aichinger)|a 3]] SST ("Salve radix sancta … semper")
**[[Ave Regina coelorum (Gregor Aichinger)|a 4 (I)]] SATB
+
**[[Ave Regina coelorum (Gregor Aichinger)|a 4 (I)]] SATB ("Salve radix, salve porta")
**[[Ave Regina coelorum II (Gregor Aichinger)|a 4 (II)]] SATB
+
**[[Ave Regina coelorum II (Gregor Aichinger)|a 4 (II)]] SATB ("Salve radix sancta … semper")
 
*[[Felice Anerio]]
 
*[[Felice Anerio]]
**[[Ave Regina coelorum (Felice Anerio)|a 4 (I)]] SATB
+
**[[Ave Regina coelorum (Felice Anerio)|a 4 (I)]] SATB ("Salve radix sancta … semper")
**[[Ave Regina coelorum II (Felice Anerio)|a 4 (II)]] SATB
+
**[[Ave Regina coelorum II (Felice Anerio)|a 4 (II)]] SATB ("Salve radix, salve porta … semper")
 
*[[Ave regina caelorum (Giovanni Francesco Anerio)|<span style="color:gray">Giovanni Francesco Anerio</span>]] SATB All editions withdrawn
 
*[[Ave regina caelorum (Giovanni Francesco Anerio)|<span style="color:gray">Giovanni Francesco Anerio</span>]] SATB All editions withdrawn
 
*[[Ave Regina (Benedict Anton Aufschnaiter)|Benedict Anton Aufschnaiter]] SATB & orchestra
 
*[[Ave Regina (Benedict Anton Aufschnaiter)|Benedict Anton Aufschnaiter]] SATB & orchestra
 
*[[Giovanni Bassano]]
 
*[[Giovanni Bassano]]
**[[Ave Regina coelorum a 8 (Giovanni Bassano)|a 8]] AATT.TTTB or SATB.ATTB
+
**[[Ave Regina coelorum a 8 (Giovanni Bassano)|a 8]] AATT.TTTB or SATB.ATTB ("Salve radix et porta … semper")
**[[Ave Regina a 12 (Giovanni Bassano)| a 12]] ATTB.ATBB.TBBB or SATB.SATB.SATB
+
**[[Ave Regina a 12 (Giovanni Bassano)| a 12]] ATTB.ATBB.TBBB or SATB.SATB.SATB ("Salve radix et porta … semper")
 
*[[4 Antiphonae Mariae (Franz Bühler)|4 Antiphonae Mariae (Franz Bühler)]] SATB & orchestra
 
*[[4 Antiphonae Mariae (Franz Bühler)|4 Antiphonae Mariae (Franz Bühler)]] SATB & orchestra
*[[Ave Regina coelorum (William Byrd)|William Byrd]] ATTB
+
*[[Ave Regina coelorum (William Byrd)|William Byrd]] ATTB ("Salve radix, salve porta")
 
*[[Ave Regina caelorum (Francesco Cavalli)|Francesco Cavalli]] TB & bc
 
*[[Ave Regina caelorum (Francesco Cavalli)|Francesco Cavalli]] TB & bc
 
*[[Ave Regina (Mark_Chapman)|Mark Chapman]] SSSAAA
 
*[[Ave Regina (Mark_Chapman)|Mark Chapman]] SSSAAA

Revision as of 01:51, 19 January 2020

The Ave Regina caelorum is sung as the concluding votive antiphon of the Divine Office during the pre-Lent and Lenten seasons, i.e. from the Feast of the Presentation (2nd February) until Maundy Thursday.

It appears to be of monastic origin but the author is unknown (dating from around the 12th century). Herman Contractus (+1054) is often suggested as the author, for he wrote several popular Marian antiphons around then. This antiphon is one of the traditional concluding antiphons for Compline in use since the 13th century. It is traditionally recited from the Feast of the Purification (Feb. 2) until Wednesday in Holy Week.

View the Wikipedia article on Ave Regina caelorum.


Musical settings at CPDL

 

Text and translations

The text of this antiphon appears to have remained fairly unchanged since the 12th century, small variants being noted below. Dufay's setting is unique in ending with an Alleluia, which probably stems from the earlier use of the antiphon at the Annunciation.

Latin.png Latin text

Ave Regina coelorum,
Ave Domina Angelorum:
Salve radix, salve porta, [or Salve, radix sancta,]
Ex qua mundo lux est orta:

Gaude Virgo gloriosa,
Super omnes speciosa,
Vale, o valde decora,
Et pro nobis Christum [semper] exora.

Dignare me laudare te Virgo sacrata
Da mihi virtutem contra hostes tuos.

Alternative Latin text
Ave regina caelorum,
ave domina angelorum,
vale stirps sancta,
per quam mundi lux est orta.

Vale gloriosa
super omnes speciosa,
salve vale decora
et pro nobis semper Christum exora.
 

English.png English translation

Hail, O Queen of Heav'n enthron'd,
Hail, by angels Mistress own'd
Root of Jesse, Gate of morn,
Whence the world's true light was born.

Glorious Virgin, joy to thee,
Loveliest whom in Heaven they see,
Fairest thou where all are fair!
Plead with Christ our sins to spare.

V. Allow me to praise thee, holy Virgin.
R. Give me strength against thy enemies.

Translation by Edward Caswall

from http://www.preces-latinae.org/thesaurus/BVM/AveRegina.html
 

Spanish.png Spanish translation

Salve, reina de los cielos,
Salve, señora de los ángeles,
Salve, raíz santa,
de quien nació la luz al mundo.

Alégrate, Virgen gloriosa,
entre todas la más bella.
Salve a tí, la más hermosa.
Ruega siempre a Cristo por nosotros.
 

Vietnamese.png Vietnamese translation

Compline
Kính lạy Bà, Vị Nữ Hoàng Thiên Quốc,
Lạy Nữ Vương trên chín phẩm thiên thần,
Là Cội Thiêng là Cửa Trời vinh phúc,
Đem Vầng Hồng rực rỡ xuống trần gian.

Mừng vui lên, mừng vui lên Trinh Nữ,
Bà hiển vinh, Bà diễm lệ khôn tày.
Bên toà Chúa Kitô, Ngôi Thánh Tử,
Cúi lạy Bà, xin nguyện giúp cầu thay.