Difference between revisions of "Ave Regina caelorum"

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(→‎Text and translations: wonder if Template:Text was the way to go!)
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*[[4 Antiphonae Mariae (Franz Bühler)|4 Antiphonae Mariae (Franz Bühler)]] SATB & orchestra
 
*[[4 Antiphonae Mariae (Franz Bühler)|4 Antiphonae Mariae (Franz Bühler)]] SATB & orchestra
 
*[[Ave Regina coelorum (William Byrd)|William Byrd]] ATTB ("Salve radix, salve porta")
 
*[[Ave Regina coelorum (William Byrd)|William Byrd]] ATTB ("Salve radix, salve porta")
*[[Ave Regina caelorum (Francesco Cavalli)|Francesco Cavalli]] TB & bc
+
*[[Ave Regina caelorum (Francesco Cavalli)|Francesco Cavalli]] TB & bc ("porta")
 
*[[Ave Regina (Mark_Chapman)|Mark Chapman]] SSSAAA
 
*[[Ave Regina (Mark_Chapman)|Mark Chapman]] SSSAAA
 
*Marc-Antoine Charpentier
 
*Marc-Antoine Charpentier
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**[[Ave Regina (Marc-Antoine Charpentier)|Marc-Antoine Charpentier]] Solo SS & bc; identical? to [[Ave regina caelorum, H. 22 (Marc-Antoine Charpentier)]] arr. SATB ''a Capp.''
 
**[[Ave Regina (Marc-Antoine Charpentier)|Marc-Antoine Charpentier]] Solo SS & bc; identical? to [[Ave regina caelorum, H. 22 (Marc-Antoine Charpentier)]] arr. SATB ''a Capp.''
 
**H 45 ''Antienne a la Vierge Ave Regina coelorum à 4 voix & 2 dessus de vln.''  
 
**H 45 ''Antienne a la Vierge Ave Regina coelorum à 4 voix & 2 dessus de vln.''  
*[[Ave Regina Caelorum (Sebastiano Cherici)|Sebastiano Cherici]] SAB & bc
+
*[[Ave Regina Caelorum (Sebastiano Cherici)|Sebastiano Cherici]] SAB & bc ("porta")
*[[Ave Regina Caelorum (Carlo Cozzi)|Carlo Cozzi]] SAB & bc
+
*[[Ave Regina Caelorum (Carlo Cozzi)|Carlo Cozzi]] SAB & bc ("porta")
 
*[[Guillaume Dufay]] [[Ave Regina caelorum (Guillaume Dufay)|(3 settings in all)]]
 
*[[Guillaume Dufay]] [[Ave Regina caelorum (Guillaume Dufay)|(3 settings in all)]]
**[[Ave Regina coelorum I (Guillaume Dufay)|a 3]] STT, STB or ATB, also arr. SATB
+
**[[Ave Regina coelorum I (Guillaume Dufay)|a 3]] STT, STB or ATB, also arr. SATB ("Salve radix sancta … semper")
 
**[[Ave Regina coelorum a 4 (Guillaume Dufay)|a 4]] SATB
 
**[[Ave Regina coelorum a 4 (Guillaume Dufay)|a 4]] SATB
*[[Ave Regina celorum (John Dunstable)|John Dunstable]] SAT
+
*[[Ave Regina celorum (John Dunstable)|John Dunstable]] SAT ("Salve radix sancta …Ave gloriosa …  semper")
 
*[[4 Marienantiphonen mit Orgel (L. B. Est)|L. B. Est]] SAB & organ
 
*[[4 Marienantiphonen mit Orgel (L. B. Est)|L. B. Est]] SAB & organ
 
*[[Ave Regina (Carlotta Ferrari)|Carlotta Ferrari]] SSA
 
*[[Ave Regina (Carlotta Ferrari)|Carlotta Ferrari]] SSA
 
*[[Ave Regina caelorum (Fabio Fresi)|Fabio Fresi]] SAATB
 
*[[Ave Regina caelorum (Fabio Fresi)|Fabio Fresi]] SAATB
*[[Ave Regina caelorum (Walter Frye)|Walter Frye]] ATB (a different text)
+
*[[Ave Regina caelorum (Walter Frye)|Walter Frye]] ATB (a different text, "…Mater regis angelorum")
 
*[[Robert Führer]]
 
*[[Robert Führer]]
 
**[[Ave Regina (Robert Führer)|I]] SATB & orchestra
 
**[[Ave Regina (Robert Führer)|I]] SATB & orchestra
 
**[[Marienantiphonen (Robert Führer)|II]] SATB & orchestra
 
**[[Marienantiphonen (Robert Führer)|II]] SATB & orchestra
 
*[[Ave Regina coelorum (Johann Joseph Fux)|Johann Joseph Fux]] SATB
 
*[[Ave Regina coelorum (Johann Joseph Fux)|Johann Joseph Fux]] SATB
*[[Ave Regina (Andrea Gabrieli)|Andrea Gabrieli]] SATB.ATTB or ATBB.TBBB
+
*[[Ave Regina (Andrea Gabrieli)|Andrea Gabrieli]] SATB.ATTB or ATBB.TBBB ("Salve radix sancta … semper")
 
*[[Mariano Garau]]
 
*[[Mariano Garau]]
 
**[[Ave Regina caelorum (Mariano Garau)|a 2]] ST & organ
 
**[[Ave Regina caelorum (Mariano Garau)|a 2]] ST & organ
 
**[[Ave Regina coelorum II (Mariano Garau)|a 4]] SATB
 
**[[Ave Regina coelorum II (Mariano Garau)|a 4]] SATB
*[[Ave Regina coelorum (Carlo Gesualdo)|Carlo Gesualdo]] SATTB
+
*[[Ave Regina coelorum (Carlo Gesualdo)|Carlo Gesualdo]] SATTB ("Salve radix sancta … semper")
 
*[[Ave Regina caelorum (Georges Guiraud)|Georges Guiraud]] unison (children alternating with men) & organ
 
*[[Ave Regina caelorum (Georges Guiraud)|Georges Guiraud]] unison (children alternating with men) & organ
*[[Ave Regina caelorum (Nicolas Gombert)|Nicolas Gombert]] SATTB
+
*[[Ave Regina caelorum (Nicolas Gombert)|Nicolas Gombert]] SATTB ("Salve radix sancta … gude gloriosa … semper")
 
*Charles Gounod
 
*Charles Gounod
 
**[[Ave Regina, CG 103 (Charles Gounod)|Ave Regina, CG 103]] ST & organ
 
**[[Ave Regina, CG 103 (Charles Gounod)|Ave Regina, CG 103]] ST & organ
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**[[Ave Regina, CG 121 (Charles Gounod)|Ave Regina, CG 121]] TTBB
 
**[[Ave Regina, CG 121 (Charles Gounod)|Ave Regina, CG 121]] TTBB
 
**[[Ave Regina, CG 134 (Charles Gounod)|Ave Regina, CG 134]] SATB
 
**[[Ave Regina, CG 134 (Charles Gounod)|Ave Regina, CG 134]] SATB
*[[Ave Regina coelorum (Alessandro Grandi)|Alessandro Grandi]] SSATB & bc
+
*[[Ave Regina coelorum (Alessandro Grandi)|Alessandro Grandi]] SSATB & bc ("porta"
 
*[[Ave Regina coelorum, op.17/2 (Ciro Grassi)|Ciro Grassi]] SSA
 
*[[Ave Regina coelorum, op.17/2 (Ciro Grassi)|Ciro Grassi]] SSA
*[[Ave Regina coelorum (Francisco Guerrero)|Francisco Guerrero]] SATB
+
*[[Ave Regina coelorum (Francisco Guerrero)|Francisco Guerrero]] SATB ("Salve radix sancta … semper")
 
*[[Ave Regina caelorum, MH 140 (Johann Michael Haydn)|Johann Michael Haydn ''Ave Regina caelorum'', MH 140]] SATB.SATB
 
*[[Ave Regina caelorum, MH 140 (Johann Michael Haydn)|Johann Michael Haydn ''Ave Regina caelorum'', MH 140]] SATB.SATB
 
{{Middle}}
 
{{Middle}}

Revision as of 04:59, 19 January 2020

The Ave Regina caelorum is sung as the concluding votive antiphon of the Divine Office during the pre-Lent and Lenten seasons, i.e. from the Feast of the Presentation (2nd February) until Maundy Thursday.

It appears to be of monastic origin but the author is unknown (dating from around the 12th century). Herman Contractus (+1054) is often suggested as the author, for he wrote several popular Marian antiphons around then. This antiphon is one of the traditional concluding antiphons for Compline in use since the 13th century. It is traditionally recited from the Feast of the Purification (Feb. 2) until Wednesday in Holy Week.

View the Wikipedia article on Ave Regina caelorum.


Musical settings at CPDL

Other settings possibly not included in the manual list above

Text and translations

The text of this antiphon appears to have remained fairly unchanged since the 12th century, lines 3 & 8 being standardized as noted below in the Breviary of Pope Clement VIII, published in 1602. Dufay's setting is unique in ending with an Alleluia, which probably stems from the earlier use of the antiphon at the Annunciation.

Latin.png Latin text

Ave Regina coelorum,
Ave Domina Angelorum:
Salve radix, salve porta, [or Salve, radix sancta,]
Ex qua mundo lux est orta:

Gaude Virgo gloriosa,
Super omnes speciosa,
Vale, o valde decora,
Et pro nobis Christum [semper] exora.
 

English.png English translation

Hail, Queen of Heaven.
Hail, Lady of Angels
Hail, root, hail, gate [hail, holy root]
From whom unto the world a light has arisen:

Rejoice, glorious Virgin,
Lovely beyond all others,
Farewell, most beautiful maiden,
And [ever] pray for us to Christ.
 

Spanish.png Spanish translation

Salve, reina de los cielos,
Salve, señora de los ángeles,
Salve, raíz santa,
de quien nació la luz al mundo.

Alégrate, Virgen gloriosa,
entre todas la más bella.
Salve a tí, la más hermosa.
Ruega siempre a Cristo por nosotros.
 

Vietnamese.png Vietnamese translation

Kính lạy Bà, Vị Nữ Hoàng Thiên Quốc,
Lạy Nữ Vương trên chín phẩm thiên thần,
Là Cội Thiêng là Cửa Trời vinh phúc,
Đem Vầng Hồng rực rỡ xuống trần gian.

Mừng vui lên, mừng vui lên Trinh Nữ,
Bà hiển vinh, Bà diễm lệ khôn tày.
Bên toà Chúa Kitô, Ngôi Thánh Tử,
Cúi lạy Bà, xin nguyện giúp cầu thay.
 

Caswall's 77. 77 metric paraphrase text

Hail, O Queen of Heav'n enthron'd,
Hail, by angels Mistress own'd
Root of Jesse, Gate of morn,
Whence the world's true light was born.

Glorious Virgin, joy to thee,
Loveliest whom in Heaven they see,
Fairest thou where all are fair!
Plead with Christ our sins to spare.

Translation by Edward Caswall from preces-latinae.org
 

In the context of Compline a versicle & response as well as a collect follow, rarely if ever set to music:

Dignare me laudare te Virgo sacrata
Da mihi virtutem contra hostes tuos.

V. Allow me to praise thee, holy Virgin. R. Give me strength against thy enemies.